Sapal building of the sanatorium: what is

The Crimea has a large number of typical low-rise sleeping buildings built in the 1960s. They are morally outdated and require modernization. Conventional reconstruction methods are accompanied by a reduction in the capacity of sleeping buildings by about 30 %. Complex reconstruction makes it possible not only to avoid reduction, but also to obtain a significant increase in their capacity, which leads to an increase in the efficiency of the use of recreational institutions.

An example is a comprehensive reconstruction of the narrow sleeping building of the sanatorium. P. Tolyatti on the southern coast of Crimea. Sleeping building built in 1965., It was a two -story rectangular building in the plan of 9.45×28.8 m with a corridor layout and bilateral placement of chambers, each of which was provided with a balcony of 0.35 m wide to accommodate flower vases. The case is made of a reinforced concrete prefabricated frame with a pitch of transverse structural elements 3.6 m. The external fence consisted of window and door blocks that occupied the entire width of the planning cell. The window sill filling was made of a wooden frame filled with a arbolite with a sheathing with flat asbestos -cement sheets. A staircase leading to the second floor, open type, from prefabricated typical reinforced concrete elements. The chambers are equipped with washbasins. Sanitary nodes and showers on the M and 2 floors are located at the end of the corridor at the attached open staircase. The main task was to modernize the corps, bringing its engineering equipment to the level of modern requirements and increase the capacity. All this was decided due to a two -story superstructure and extensions along the ends of the existing building. The superstructure was accepted by the dependent scheme with the external placement of the supports at a distance of 2.7 m from the outer edge of the existing building in each direction. During the reconstruction, a slight external fence was dismantled, which made it possible to increase the useful area of ​​the sleeping chambers and equip them with sanitary units.